Holding Italian Passport

How to Qualify for Italian Citizenship (If You Have Italian Grandparents)

By some estimates there are 16 million people of Italian heritage in the United States alone, not to mention the Italian diaspora in South America, Australia, Canada, and the UK.

Due to Italy’s favourable citizenship laws towards those of Italian descent, most of them qualify for an Italian passport.

For those seeking to live, work, or study in Italy and the European Union, an Italian passport is a game-changer.

While some dream of living la dolce vita, those who qualify for Italian citizenship can actually do it.

In this post, we explain what Italian dual citizenship is, how you can qualify, why you might want to, and how you can obtain your actual Italian passport.

Andiamo!

How does Italian citizenship work?

According to Law no. 555 of 1912, Italian citizenship is passed down from parent to child.

Being born in Italy is not enough to obtain Italian citizenship.

You are only an Italian citizen by birth if at least one of your parents is Italian.

This system is known as jure sanguinis—a Latin term meaning “by right of blood.”

Many European countries operate on a jure sanguinis basis.

Contrast this with jure soli countries like the United States and Canada.

In jure soli countries, you are automatically a citizen as long as you are born in that territory.

There, the citizenship of your parents has no bearing on your nationality.

The two systems—jure sanguinis and jure soli—can co-exist.

In fact, one can be a citizen of the United States jure soli and a citizen of Italy jure sanguinis.

That is how many people from Canada, the UK, Australia, the US and beyond qualify for Italian citizenship.

Mother and Daughter

Italian Law Takes ‘Jure Sanguinis’ Even Further

Possibly alone in the world, Italy allows jure sanguinis citizenship to pass on indefinitely.

This means that as long as Italian citizenship is successfully handed down just one time from parent to child, it’s subsequently passed down from generation to generation without limit.

What’s more, each generation does not need to get their own Italian citizenship recognised for it to be valid.

It can sit there, waiting to be claimed, across any number of generations.

In this manner, people who have an Italian grandparent, great grandparent or even great-great grandparent can still qualify for Italian citizenship themselves as long as they meet all the criteria.

How to Qualify for Italian Dual Citizenship

Qualifying is as simple as understanding a few key rules.

You must meet every one of them in order to be eligible.

  1. Your Italian ancestor must have been alive, anywhere in the world, on or after March 17, 1861.
    Before this date, there was no such thing as Italy. People born in (most of) the territory we now call Italy got their Italian citizenship automatically on this date. Therefore, if your ancestor died before then s/he never actually held Italian citizenship and could not pass it on.
  2. Your Italian ancestor was still an Italian citizen at the time of his/her child’s birth.
    This means that your ancestor must not have become a citizen of another country by the time his or her child was born. Becoming a citizen of another country would have caused your ancestor to immediately lose Italian citizenship. Thus, s/he could not pass it on.
  3. If your Italian ancestor ever did become a citizen of another country, it must have been both after the birth of his or her child, and after July 1, 1912.
    This date is important because it’s when Law no. 555 of 1912 came into effect. Any Italian losing citizenship before then could not pass it on, even if the loss occurred after the birth of his/her child.
  4. If there are women in your direct line, their child must have been born on or after January 1, 1948.
    Before this date women could not pass on citizenship to their children, except where fathers were missing, deceased, unknown, or their own foreign citizenship didn’t pass down. It is worth noting that many people have successfully challenged this rule in court (more on this below).

A Few Practical Examples

  • John was born in the United States in 1947. His father Jack was born in the United States in 1924. Jack’s father Francesco was born in Italy in 1901. Francesco became an American citizen in 1923. Because Francesco was not an Italian citizen at the time of Jacks’ birth, neither Jack nor his son John qualify for Italian citizenship.
  • Jack has a brother Gregory who was born in the United States in 1921. Because Francesco was still an Italian citizen in 1921 at the time of Gregory’s birth, both Gregory and all of his descendants qualify for Italian dual citizenship.
  • Ursula was born in Canada in 1957. Her father Pietro was born in Canada in 1932. Pietro’s mom Giacinta was born in Italy in 1903. Because Pietro was born before January 1, 1948, he did not obtain Italian citizenship from his mom and he cannot pass it down to Ursula either. Pietro will have to see if his father qualifies him or he’ll have to take his case to court.

When to Take It to Court

If you have women in your direct line with children born before January 1, 1948 you may still be able to qualify.

Since 2009, Italian courts have consistently ruled this discrimination unconstitutional.

However, it has not yet been enshrined in law.

This means that those falling under this category cannot apply through the normal administrative channels which we will detail below.

These applicants must hire an Italian attorney to represent them in Rome.

There is good news, however: these cases have a high probability of success.

Benefits of Italian Dual Citizenship

Obtaining your Italian citizenship brings many benefits. Here are just a few of them:

  • Italian citizens can live, work, and study anywhere within the European Union.
  • You can enjoy world class healthcare. Italy’s healthcare system consistently ranks in the top 3 worldwide every year.
  • You can enjoy affordable education and send yourself of your children to school without debt.
  • Italian citizens can purchase property in Italy with far less overhead than foreigners.
  • When you’re abroad, you’ll be protected by two embassies.
  • It’s a tangible way of honoring your heritage.
  • If you are seeking employment, your dual citizenship makes you both more mobile and more attractive to employers.
  • You can pass it on to your children and spouse.

Where to Apply for Italian Dual Citizenship

From Outside Italy

If you are living outside Italy, you must file your application at the Italian consulate which has jurisdiction over your place of residence.

Most consulates operate with an online appointment booking system called “Prenota.”

From their website, you can select a calendar date.

However, note that in many countries Italian dual citizenship is quite popular.

It is not unheard of to wait a few years just for the appointment.

After the appointment, the Italian government has 24 months to process your application.

From Inside Italy

If you live in Italy, you will apply at your comune (town).

First, you’ll apply for residency at the ufficio anagrafe.

Once that’s done, you will then apply for citizenship either at the ufficio di stato civile or the ufficio di cittadinanza.

EU Flag

What Documents You’ll Need

In order to successfully stake your claim of citizenship, you need to gather documentation.

This includes vital records such as birth, death, marriage, and naturalization certificates to recreate your family tree.

As a general rule, you will need the following:

For You

  • Your birth certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • Your marriage certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille

For Your Parent

  • His/her birth certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • His/her marriage certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • Any applicable death certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille

For Any Subsequent Generations Between You, Your Parents, & Your Italian Ancestor

  • His/her birth certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • His/her marriage certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • Any applicable death certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille

For Your Italian Ancestor

  • Your ancestor’s Italian birth certificate
  • His/her naturalization certificate or proof of non-naturalization, translated into Italian
  • His/her marriage certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille
  • Any applicable death certificate, translated into Italian and legalized with an apostille

If you feel you cannot handle obtaining documentation on your own, there are Italian dual citizenship companies which can help.

How Much Does It Cost?

You can expect to spend 300 euros on the application fee itself (if you apply outside Italy).

Other than that, your costs may range from a few hundred to a few thousand depending on how many documents you must obtain.

Conclusion

If you qualify, Italian dual citizenship is your birthright.

In fact, those who qualify are not actually applying for citizenship at all – they are merely asking the Italian government to recognise a status they already hold.

If you have the time and energy, putting together your application for citizenship is highly doable and brings with it numerous benefits.

External AC Condensers

6 Factors to Consider When Purchasing An Outdoor Air Conditioner Cover

Air conditioners are bound to experience some amount of wear and tear if they are exposed to extreme temperatures and weather conditions.

We know that window units often tend to allow cold air to come into the house resulting in higher utility bills.

According to a Huffington Post article, windows are not the only parts of your home that are prone to leaking air.

Crawl spaces and attic walls keep losing air as well.

Professionally insulating your house could be the most effective way of boosting energy efficiency.

However, you may use an insulated outdoor air conditioner cover to serve the purpose.

Extreme weather conditions do not merely imply snowy winters. It is much more.

It would be a wise move for people living in the freezing northern states of the United States or Canada to use a cover for their air conditioning unit.

You must certainly consider using an air conditioner cover if you are residing in those parts of the world that are prone to blizzards, hail storms, or other unpredictable natural calamities that usually occur during the winter season.

What to Consider When Choosing an A/C Cover

AC covers are useful in preserving your A/C units so that they are in good condition and can provide optimal performance during the next summer season.

Hence, you must invest in a cover that promises safety and durability.

It is a good idea to choose water-resistant and breathable covers.

Breathability is of prime concern in terms of A/C protection.

If your entire AC unit is covered, you must necessarily use a cover that has mesh vents.

Here are some of the most critical factors to consider while choosing an outdoor A/C cover.

1. Size

Accurate measurements of your outdoor A/C unit must be taken before looking for a cover so that you end up buying an A/C cover that fits correctly and is perfect in size.

We know that an ill-fitting air conditioner cover could not only adversely impact the overall aesthetic ambiance of your outdoors, but it could also allow insects and small rodents to get in easily.

In the event, you are unable to identify the perfect sized cover that fits your air conditioner’s unique and precise dimensions, buy one that is slightly bigger but comes with a drawstring, or buckle straps or elastic hem so that all sizing issues are resolved.

2. Water Resistance

Outdoor air conditioner covers help in saving your A/C units from extreme cold disasters that take place in the winter season.

Hence, it is best to choose a water-resistant air conditioner cover so that water is not allowed to seep through or settle into the air conditioner.

This is just right for keeping mould, mildew, and moisture at bay.

3. Easy Installation

You must examine the installation instructions before buying an A/C cover.

Consider reviewing those instructions before opting for a specific air conditioner cover.

4. Porous & Aerated

The breathability of an A/C cover material is of prime importance as discussed above.

You must choose an intact cover that is well-aerated and boasts of being made out of a porous material to facilitate the smooth flow of air.

This would prevent any undesirable stench.

5. Durability

Your AC cover must promise longevity.

It must be accompanied by a warranty stating that it would be lasting for a specific period.

A good quality cover should be having at least, two years of warranty.

6. Insulation

This is critical for window AC units.

Depending on the precise region you reside in, you may require an insulated air conditioner cover to protect the machine from extreme cold conditions.

Conclusion

The argument relating to air conditioner covers doesn’t seem to end.

One side firmly believes that A/C units are robust and meant to be outside hence, they do not need any pampering or extra protection in the form of air conditioner covers.

There is yet another side that argues that it is best to be on the safe side than be sorry.

You must use covers to preserve the AC and retain its efficiency.

The choice is yours to make.

Money Shaped as a House

The Basics of a Home Equity Loan

Home equity loan is one of the most common modes of debt consolidation.

As a secondary loan, this is basically founded on the fact that you already have an existing and outstanding credit on hand.

The loanable amount is based on the difference between the homeowner’s equity and the home’s market value.

It allows you to borrow funds using your home’s value as collateral security.

You may either take your cash proceeds in a (a) lump-sum payment which allows you take out a large, one-time cash out and is usually done if you have immediate expenses, or (b) line of credit, where you can withdraw as much as you need whenever you want up to the credit limit.

If the loan is not paid off, the home could be sold to satisfy the debt.

The Home-Equity Loans Basics

Borrowing against home equity can be a convenient way to access cash but it also carries risks.

If you are considering taking this type of loan, here are the basics you must know:

  • Your application will have a higher chances of getting approved if you have a high credit score which typically ranges from 620 to 700 and a good debt-to-equity ratio, maximum loan-to-value ratio of 20% (which should mean that your debt-to-equity ratio should be at 80% and below) since you are to leverage on the equity you possess.
  • You will have to document your ability to pay. Financial positions may be required from the consolidator from where your debt-to-equity ratio will be computed. Secureemployment and a solid income record, even if you have changed jobs occasionally, can also be advantageous when applying for a home-equity loan. You should have maintained a 43% debt-to-income ratio throughout your employment career.
  • Interest costs on home-equity loan are deductible for taxation purposes, only if the loan proceeds are utilized for home-related expenses such as renovations. Also, the deductibility of your cost will be based on whether you choose itemized deductions and not the Optional Standard Deduction (40% of your Gross Receipts as an individual) as your deductible expenses.
  • It is important to shop around. Inquire quotations from potential creditors such as online banks and credit unions, but more especially from your current lender, to take and consider the best negotiable terms you can have.
  • Default payments may result to foreclosure; you may lose your home. You must ensure on-time payments of both principal and interest to ensure you won’t lose property ownership.

Signing Property Title Document

How to Get A Home-Equity Loan

First step is to assess the need to apply for additional loan – your capability to pay the current loan and the pros and cons of paying it off through your current available cash versus securing a new loan to settle it; the likelihood probability of missed or default payments which may cost you your home; and the assurance that you will be able to settle the new loan when due should be considered and evaluated.

If you have decided to proceed from your first step, inquire from your current lender, credit unions and banks of the possible deals they may offer for your new application.

Get different loan estimates from several sources including a local loan originator, an online bank or from a national broker.

Compare and contrast your options and choose the best deal you can get.

Prepare your documents and your home; your potential lenders may require home appraisals.

Benefits of Home-Equity Loans for Consumers

Home-equity loans provide an easy source of cash.

Obtaining this form of debt is quite simpler compared to other types of credit since it is a secured debt.

Borrowers can qualify for larger loans when they have sufficient equity.

Lenders can offer funds for anything you may desire and would not necessarily have to be used for home-related expenses.

Loan proceeds may be used for educational purposes, business start-up, or even for settling currently outstanding debts.

The interest rate on this loan is relatively higher than the first loan but is comparatively lower than credit card debts and other consumer debts.

Knocked Over Penny Jar

Benefits of Home-Equity Loans for Lenders

For home-equity loan as secondary mortgage to a borrower’s initial mortgage, lenders leverage is highly maximised that after earning interest and fees from the first debt, earn more interest and fees in the succeeding home-equity loans.

In case the borrower defaults, the lender gets to keep the money earned from interest costs imposed from the initial mortgage and from the home-equity loan, plus he gets to repossess the property collateral.

Home-Equity Loan as Debt Consolidation Alternative

A home-equity loan is one of the cheaper debt relief options because it’s a low-interest loan.

Many individuals who were having a hard time paying off credit card debts opt to use this consolidation alternative.

The questions now which will linger is how effective will this consolidation be and will a debt consolidation ruin my credit?

Debt Consolidation: Pros and Cons

Home-equity loans have lower interest rates than other debt consolidation loans plus these interest costs are deductible for taxation purposes and usually have longer payment terms which usually ranges from five (5) to seven (7) years.

Like any other consolidation techniques, home-equity loans have both positive and negative effects on your credit score.

Your settlement for your first debt will create a positive effect on your score.

This will reduce your utilisation rate and you will mark in your credit history as a good payer of due debts.

On the other hand, application for a second loan will increase your utilisation ratio and will adversely affect your credit.

Not to mention, in case of default payments, you do not have the option of raising bankruptcy as defence unlike in credit card debts, you are of a risk of losing your home due to foreclosure if you fall behind on payments.

A home-equity loan is a secured loan; by securing this type of loan, you have authorised your creditor to foreclose the home in case you default.

Takeaway

If you qualify and decide to take out a new loan through a home-equity loan, be sure you have understood how it works and that you have taken the best deal for your new credit.

Traditionally, home-equity loans have repayment terms just like any other conventional debts.

You might want to run the numbers to ensure that you have reduced your costs before signing.

Debt is very inevitable.

It can either be beneficial and disadvantageous depending on the way it is utilised.

Regardless of the way it was used or the purpose it may have served for, what is owed should be paid.

Creditors have provided options and chances to pay and settle, debtors will only have to maximize those options.

Home Cinema Movie Theatre

Easy Ways to Soundproof a Home Cinema

Finding a suitable solution to soundproofing a home cinema is essential to keep excess sound from disturbing your neighbours and other parts of your home.

The most effective and reliable solution to soundproofing is invariably expensive.

However, with new soundproofing technologies all the sound produced by the A/V system will be contained inside the dedicated movie room without it making its way outside through the windows, doors, floors, ceilings and walls.

To ensure you can enjoy the maximum effect of the movie sound quality without disturbing the neighbours will require suitable acoustic dampening materials from a reputable soundproofing supplier.

However, soundproofing technology requires lots of space in the cinema room where it will be installed, depending on the proofing method used.

Most people prefer to build a soundproof room contained within an existing room, although other sound restricting methods do work when there’s a need to stick to a tight budget.

Here is the list of facts to consider before creating a soundproof room:

  • The new home cinema door needs to be heavy duty to resist sound from vibrating though the panels going outside. In this situation, a double-door system is better than a single-door.
  • The home cinema room has to be airtight, which will require an artificial ventilation system.
  • Windows and doorframes need to be removed entirely or filled with triple or double glazing materials.

Ways to Soundproof a Home Theatre

  • Using acoustic materials as a soundproofing option to remove the sound from going through the walls properly.
  • Using soundproof panels on the walls or floor of the room will keep the movie sound inside the room.
  • It is choosing the right sound equipment that produces a quality sound that can be restricted to soundproofing materials.

Best Soundproofing Methods for a Home Cinema

Maxiboard Soundproofing

Acoustic Maxiboard

The Maxiboard soundproofing method will keep the movie sound locked inside the home cinema without disturbing the neighbours.

All that is required for this process is hiring an expert to line the Maxiboard around the appropriate walls.

This process does not occupy as much space as other soundproofing methods.

To restrict sound from leaving the room, the Maxiboard is aligned on the wall creating a box look that covers all areas.

The Maxiboard can also be customised to a preferred design to keep the home décor in keeping.

Even removed wall fixtures like hanging wall pictures before the installation can be fixed back in place after the process.

Analysis of the process shows that the maximum space lost after installation of Maxiboard is around just 6-7cm.

It is the main reason why Maxiboard is one of the best options to controlling sound from spilling out of your home cinema.

Sound Absorbing Acoustic Panels

Sound Absorbing Acoustic Panels

Absorbent acoustic panels is another feasible solution to getting the required sound quality in a home cinema.

These panels are very slim, and are quick and easy to install in any home cinema.

The panels are designed to absorb the noise in the room and prevent it from bouncing around the room, without affecting sound quality.

Even though the acoustic panel absorbs the sound coming out of the home cinema, there is a possibility that it might not restrict the noise from going outside completely.

The acoustic panels come with different varieties of colours and designs, which can match the décor of any home cinema.

Isomax Clip System

Isomax Clip System Illustration

When looking for a high-quality soundproofing system, the Isomax clip system ise the best option to keeping sound from disturbing your neighbours.

This impressive soundproofing system can restrict noise from the home cinema up to 65dB.

Additionally, the Isomax clip system can be combined with other soundproofing material to achieve the very best possible home theatre experience.

The system is very advanced and can restrict sound from all areas of the home cinema from walls, floors, and ceilings.

The Isomax clip system is very is to install and does not occupy a lot of space in the room in question.

All that is required is a little space where the moulded rubber and the galvanised steel will be mounted.

The installation process of the system is however quite complex and requires the service of an expert engineer to get it up to standard.

The Isomax clip system can last for an extended period without breakage or the need of renovation like other soundproofing methods.

Conclusion

All of the soundproofing methods listed above work very well in keeping movie noise right inside the home cinema without disturbing neighbours and others living nearby.

The process that will suit each home cinema depends on the room size and sound equipment that is installed.

If one method is not enough to get the perfect soundproofing result, the best option may come from combining more than one soundproof method to keep out the noise from leaving the room.

Thick Jungle Terrain

7 Helpful Tips to Surviving in the Jungle

Your survival in a jungle is not child’s play, but rather a matter of life and death.

You need to have skills to make it safe and soundly through the rough environment, and most importantly alive.

This article offers some of the best tips to help you survive in the jungle.

1. Always Have a Plan in Mind

You could be in the jungle for quite some time – days, maybe weeks.

For you to survive, you need to know what exactly you are in for.

Make sure you get some information about your environment.

For example, are there any harmful animals? Is there a source of water nearby?

Knowing such things will help increase your chances of survival.

2. Create a Comfortable Place for Yourself

Without all the conveniences you are used to, the jungle is definitely not home away from home.

However, there are ways you can make yourself comfortable.

You can start by making sure that your current settling place is as comfortable as possible.

Collect twigs and create a fire to keep yourself warm during the cold nights.

3. Make Sure You Have Something to Eat

The presence of wild animals is the norm rather than the exception when you are in the jungle.

If you have a gun, you may be tempted to use to hunt for food.

However, this should not be the case.

Firearms should only be for protection.

A firearm will greatly increase your chances of survival when you are in the jungle.

If possible, eat edible plants and wild berries.

If there is a stream or river nearby, try fishing.

Bright Green Snake

4. Be Cautious of Where You Walk

The jungle is full trees that also serve as homes for dangerous snakes.

If you are taking a walk, make sure you are cautious of your steps.

Because the jungle is full of thickets, you can try using a stick to create a path for yourself as well as to scare away small animals.

5. Mind Your Clothing

It is important that you take care of your body when you are in the jungle.

Remember that you are in the wild and there are insects and bugs, such as mosquitoes, waiting and ready to feast on you.

It is for this reason you should have protective clothing; clothes that will not only protect you from insects but also keep you warm.

6. Maintain Cleanliness

Find a permanent water source as mentioned earlier where you could be cleaning your clothes and for bathing.

Boil your drinking water to avoid water-borne diseases.

7. Be Assertive & Make Gestures For Rescue

Just because you are lost in the jungle, does not mean you should just give up.

Look for ways of connecting with anyone who will have a hint of coming to look for you.

Light fires if you can.

However, do so in an open ground to avoid bush fires.

Fires are most efficient because they emit smoke and thus can be visible from far.

Mount Everest Nepal

Great Reasons to Make Nepal Top of Your Travel List in 2020

Aren’t you the one who dreamt of travelling to the mountains and experiencing all those majestic vistas and dramatic sceneries that fill your Instagram feeds?

Taking time out of busy world affairs seems quite difficult furthermore whenever we have free time; we don’t know what to do with it.

We end up doing nothing or distracting ourselves in technology.

We are so much into technology and monotonous life schedule.

We forgot to love ourselves and the World. Travelling happen to be the most effective de-stressing and energizing activity.

Add something to your being that will create a miracle, add some magic, introduce a new thrill and bring in freshness, says OSHO.

Nothing in this world can compare with the satisfaction that we get from spending time in the lap of nature.

The blindingly blue sky above, birds chirping and crisp air can make everyone forget their stress and can make you feel relaxed.

From forested plains, terrace farmlands, hilly trails, to the Himalayas rich with cultural diversity, magnificent architecture and warm-welcoming people; the country Nepal is lifetime value travel destination.

Visit Nepal 2020 welcomes you to serve you with life’s amazing moments.

Enjoy the peace and cultural heritage or take a high adrenaline trip.

Trek to secluded far-flung or fly like a bird exploring the majestic vistas.

Whatever you choose, you will enjoy exploring Nepal. Nepal has so much to offer for each of its visitors.

A study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science found that that “exposure to nature can counteract the negative effects of stress and anxiety.” Those who completed the nature walk tended toward less rumination – the acute focus on one’s distress than those who took the urban route.

Trekking challenges you physically and mentally while amplifying the view of the surrounding.

Trekking brings out best in us, bringing oneself closer to nature and to the inner self.

While exploring and enjoying the scenery; one can also get to know the isolated lifestyle and culture of that place.

Trek offers awe-inspiring vistas to look around, experience it and to take all the goodness of nature.

Nepal is a country known as a trekkers paradise.

It has a challenging and adventurous abundance for all kinds of trekkers.

Experience the thrill while traversing through up hills and downhills.

Adventurous trails cross across several natural resources and allow you to encounter with many endangered species (if you are lucky that day).

The ultimate trekking choice for thrill-seekers and adventure lovers can be Manaslu trek.

It gives you the most adventurous and wild trekking experience.

The most popular treks are Manaslu circuit trek, the Tsum Valley trek, and the Nubri Valley trek.

Mountain Trek

Manaslu Trek

The Manaslu trek takes you through the traditional village, local heritage, pristine trails to the Mount Manaslu (8,163 m).

Manaslu is the 8th highest mountain in the world.

Manaslu circuit trek is the most trending trekking destination.

It offers an authentic adventurous journey.

It leads you around the circumference of Mount Manaslu through Budhi Gandaki River valley to its source below the Larke La Pass which is one of the highest passes in the world.

Larke La Pass adds much adventure and thrill to this trek.

The pass is 5125m high.

This trek offers the breathtaking view of Mount Manaslu, Mount Himchuli, Mount Ganesh and others.

The variation of the altitude from about 600 meters (2,000 ft) in the tropical zone to the 8,156 meters (26,759 ft) summit of Manaslu in the arctic zone offers diversified ecosystem.

Trekkers can experience a total of six climatic zones in this single trek.

The weather and temperatures are unpredictable and can change often.

This trek brings us closer to Tibetan-Nepalese culture.

The trail crosses its way through Mani walls, Chortens, austere Monasteries, multi-colored prayer flags, age-old ‘Gompas’ and many other Tibetan Buddhist religious landmarks.

This trekking route is through off-the-beaten-path.

Spring and autumn are the favorable months for trek for beginner’s trekker.

Whereas winter and summer are for the adventure enthusiast.

Colourful Nepalese Houses

Tsum Valley Trek

A perfect trek to experience the ‘untouched Nepal’.

The Tsum Valley trek takes to the valley of unspoiled wilderness.

Tsum valley was opened for trekking a decade ago and it sees few trekkers which ultimately makes it exclusive and unspoiled.

Tsum valley is nestled between giant mountains Ganesh Himal (7422m) and Shringi Himal (7161m).

The Tsumba culture gives an authentic insight of century-old Buddhist culture.

It is being practiced along the Nepal and Tibet border.

The famous old monastery Mu Gumpa, built-in 1895 is the oldest and largest monastery in the region.

The trek brings you on some pine and rhododendron forest, pastureland and famous old monasteries with ancient Buddhist paintings across its walls.

The Tsum valley homestays are another attraction of this place.

The special permit is required for trekking in the restricted area.

Trekkers should have proper knowledge of that place before heading for the trekking.

The preparation for the possible climatic condition, proper plan, realisation of limitations of that place can ensure a safe trekking experience.

Trekkers should follow some basic tips and guidelines throughout the excursion.

Trekkers should carry a light backpack with all the essentials that fit the body and good quality trekking boots.

Addition of auxiliary stuff such as sunglasses, basic first aid kit and sunscreen can be helpful throughout the trip.

Proper planning can offer you a hassle-free trek by making you able to make smart choices.

A planned good trip far away from pollution and noise has so much to offer.

It increases your cardio strength, establish calmness and improves physical health.

And a very good adventure experience you can share in future with your grandchildren.

Have you ever realised why Guru and Rishis lived in the mountains?

Remember you got only one life and only you can gift yourself happiness.

Being in the lap of nature seeing its beautiful aspects releases Endorphins – a hormone and a reason behind our happiness, and the happier you are, the better your memory and the functionality of the brain improves.

Manaslu trek offers a great treat to your lungs and inner soul through its untouched remote places.

So, plan your dream trip to Nepal and experience all the fun of life.

Kodi on Various Devices

Watch Your Favourite Shows on an Amazon Firestick with Kodi

The Amazon Firestick is an amazing little device that runs on Android and can turn your ordinary HDMI TV into a smart TV.

Did you know, you can also jailbreak the Amazon Firestick to install several third-party applications like Kodi?

Install Kodi

Kodi is the most popular media player device available on the internet.

It will allow you to watch several different types of online content in the form of videos, podcasts, and so on.

You can install Kodi on any Android device and also on your Firestick.

Kodi is completely free.

Installing Add-ons

Kodi becomes incredibly powerful when you install extra add-ons onto it.

You can easily find hundreds of free add-ons for Kodi on the internet.

These add-ons are all developed by third parties and are safe for installing.

They are also free.

Not only are these add-ons free, but they will also let you watch your favourite TV programs for free.

This will let you view hundreds of television channels live from all over the world.

You can also watch news shows; sports programs live without having to pay for any subscriptions.

Thus you must always install these amazing add-ons.

Macbook Running Nord VPN

Some Essential Advice

While it is not technically illegal to jailbreak the Amazon Firestick and install Kodi or any third-party applications, it might come across as online piracy if you access any programs for free on these apps.

It is seen on a par with downloading movies illegally using torrents.

Some countries can have strict rules against such online downloading or viewing of any video content.

It is for this reason that you must use a good VPN service when you use Kodi or any other app.

A VPN is basically a virtual private network, and it will help to cloak your IP address on the internet and keep you safe from getting caught.

The VPN would be essential in keeping you away from any prying eyes on the internet and protect you.

If you want to know more about using Kodi, then you must search for Kodi no limits in your web browser’s search box.

You should also note that it would be wise to use a VPN service when you watch programs for free on Kodi or download any content from torrents.

You can get a good VPN service by searching for the best free VPN for torrenting on the internet.

Conclusion

One of the most popular apps today for watching video content on the internet is Kodi.

Kodi is free and open-sourced, and hence, it can be easily used for watching several programs across different devices.

When you install certain specific add ons, you can also watch the most popular television shows and web series for free on Kodi.

However, remember that online piracy is illegal in many countries, so you must always use a VPN when you use Kodi.

This will help in protecting your identity and keeping you safe.

Hopefully, the information mentioned in this article will have helped you.

4 Top Tips to Becoming a More Ethical Consumer

As more and more articles and reports are being published to make us aware of how our consumption is affecting the environment, it is also becoming easier and more desirable to make more informed ethical choices.

Read on for our top tips to evolve your spending habits and do your bit for a happier and healthier planet Earth.

1. Shop Brands Wisely

Shopping is a fun and satisfying way to express our taste and style, and yet we are becoming more and more aware of how our spending is fuelling catastrophic environmental pollution and unfair labour situations.

Many shops and brands that offer cheaper clothes are often able to do so due to the lack of fair wages, humane treatment and safe working conditions for the workers that are making them.

Spend some time researching your favourite brands to find out the labour practices that they utilise and promote.

Many may be involved in practices you deem unethical, but you may be pleasantly surprised by some high street shops and designers that have taken steps to improve their sustainability ratings in recent years.

Be Reasonable Neon Sign

2. Invest in Quality Over Quantity

An effective way to shop more sustainably is to make more considered choices about what you buy.

Making less frequent but deliberate purchases of high-quality goods that will last you for years to come, rather than buying lots of fast fashion garments that won’t last long in your wardrobe.

When it comes to clothes and accessories, look for classic pieces that will stay in fashion with each new season and year, made to a high quality that will endure frequent wear.

Look to the many new brands that have emerged in recent years that focus on sustainability.

These brands work to create fashionable and classic garments using the most ethical and sustainable practices.

Many brands reuse, repurpose and redesign second-hand garments and materials to produce far more desirable pieces that appear to be brand new.

Although these brands can often appear to be a more expensive option, the clothes are designed to be long-lasting additions to your wardrobe so that you will get your money’s worth (while doing your bit for a healthier and fairer environment).

3. Buy Fairtrade

When you are hoping to make more ethical decisions in your day to day life, choosing to buy Fairtrade products is an easy and impactful way to do your bit for a better world.

Fairtrade means that the people involved in growing, manufacturing or building your product were paid a sustainable living wage.

This is a stark contrast to the usual processes behind many products, where families are forced to live on low wages despite their valuable hard work.

Buying Fairtrade enables you to do your bit to promote a fair economy that can grow and develop.

Whether you are doing your weekly shop in the supermarket or shopping for gold jewellery, look for the Fairtrade symbol and make an informed choice that supports a fairer and more equal world.

Close Up of Diamond Ring

4. Choose Conflict-Free Jewellery

Today it is easier than ever to make informed decisions when it comes to purchasing jewellery.

There can be many human rights and social implications in the process of jewellery-making, and to become a more ethical consumer it is more important than ever to consider where jewellery is sourced and diamonds are mined before committing to a purchase.

In 2003, the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was put into action to protect the process of sourcing and trading diamonds.

Throughout history, conflict diamonds have been known to fuel wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The term ‘blood diamond’ refers to diamonds that do not fall within the Kimberley Process Scheme, often the result of smuggling, violent tactics and rebel groups.

The Kimberley Process means that rough diamonds are transported across borders in secure containers so as to not be interfered with, thus reducing the trade of conflict and ‘blood’ diamonds.

Over 70 countries follow the Kimberley Process Scheme, including the UK and USA, with each diamond holding a conflict-free certificate.

Choose conflict-free diamonds for peace of mind that your diamonds have been sourced via the most ethical practices that cannot be traced to violent rebel group tactics.

Whether you are looking for special necklaces, future heirloom earrings or an engagement ring, make an informed choice with a diamond you can be sure was sourced ethically.

Another ethical choice is to choose man-made diamonds.

This particular kind of diamond not only appears identical to natural diamonds, but also has an identical chemical composition and hardness rating.

These diamonds have been made with a scientific process – recreating natural conditions within a laboratory environment.

This eliminates the possibility of inhumane and violent conditions being attached to your diamond, while still resulting in a sparkling diamond that many gemologists cannot differentiate from a natural stone.

Lab-created stones also come with the added ethical bonus of a reduced carbon footprint due to the low-energy processes utilised by labs.

In an age where individual ethical choices are becoming increasingly important and easier to execute, choosing ethically manufactured jewellery is a mindful step in the right direction.

Online Marketing Strategy on iPad

How to Make the Most Out of Your Digital Marketing Campaign in 2019

Over the past few years, digital marketing has become an integral part of every promotional campaign.

It is not just a simple means of advertisement anymore, with the right strategy you can drive more sales for your business.

Unlike years gone by where businesses typically relied on print media and advertising such as brochures, pamphlets and billboards, digital marketing gives you a more agile, sophisticated and cost-effective way of promoting your business.

And since the online sphere is way bigger than any other market, you have a better chance of improving brand positioning and achieving faster growth.

With all being said, it all comes down the effectiveness of your digital marketing campaign.

Here’s how you can make the most out of your digital marketing campaign in 2019.

Identify A Long Term Strategy

You need to be absolutely clear about what you want out of your digital campaign.

Setting up goals that are achievable and feasible is the basic building blocks of an effective marketing strategy.

What or who are you are going after?

Do you want to increase sales? Expand brand awareness?

These are all valid examples of typical digital marketing goals.

Once you figure out what you want, the next step is to create a plan that helps you get to your ultimate destination.

Audience in Auditorium

Identify Your Target Audience & Engage Them

Identifying your audience is critical.

You need to discover which audience is the most appropriate for your products and services, and how to reach them.

You also need to identify the most effective ways of engaging with your customers.

And that is determined by the age group and demographic of your targeted audience.

You can’t create the same content for teenagers as you would for senior citizens for example, because clearly their interests would greatly differ.

So make sure you do appropriate research prior to creating content for your audience.

Wordpress Add New Post Screen

Use a Variety of Content

Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn and other social media platforms have introduced some pretty impressive ways to engage with more people.

What was the reason for Instagram’s success in such a short space of time?

They found unique ways to engage with audiences from every age group. No mean feat!

This is mainly because social media platforms have explored new and exciting ways to express thoughts and ideas.

Promotion via Facebook pages, groups and ads has greatly affected many businesses in a positive way.

And now with the introduction of Facebook live, you can interact with your audience in real-time!

This is a great opportunity and you need to make the most out of it.

Instagram has also introduced some new features for businesses to promote themselves.

Want know how to come up with high quality, engaging content?

Visit the blog at Concept BB for some original and eye-opening ideas about creating stunning content that sells.

Conference Room Audience

Audience Engagement Matters Most

Audience interaction and engagement is the only way to boost sales.

You need to actively engage with your audience directly and often.

Audience engagement is all about interacting them in such a way that makes it impossible for them to want to leave your space.

The longer they stay with you, the more you reinforce your relationship which improves your chances would of sales through trust in your brand.

Here are some tips about active customer engagement

  • Find out what your audience wants and then give them exactly that
  • Identify a general problem and offer a simple solution
  • Don’t sugar coat things, be direct
  • Be yourself, they’ll appreciate it
  • Be sincere and care about your audience
  • Use a variety of content

Measure Metrics

If you want to keep doing well in digital marketing then you need to set up performance measuring parameters.

A good digital marketer knows exactly what they want and how to get there.

Some basic examples of performance measuring metrics would be:

  • Number of social engagements and clicks
  • Digital media presence and reach
  • Number of people visiting your online business
  • Brand positioning
  • Conversion rates

Follow a Scheduled Content Calendar

Having a content calendar is really important.

A content calendar is nothing but a schedule for the content that you are going to post or share with your audience on a daily, weekly and monthly basis.

A content calendar can help you a lot with your content marketing strategy which is an essential part of every digital campaign.

This means you research everything beforehand, such as which topics you going to cover in a specified time frame and the type of content that you are going to share.

This allows you to focus on one thing at a time making things a lot less overwhelming for you.

Identify Failing Strategies & Improvise

Figuring out what works and what doesn’t is the best way to become a good digital marketer.

This journey is definitely not easy.

In fact, you are obviously going to face some difficulties and failures during your processes.

But overcoming all of that would make you good at it.

The only thing that matters is that you don’t give up and keep learning from your mistakes.

This will allow you to tweak your strategy and implement necessary improvements.

Conclusions

Digital marketing has become the new face of successful marketing.

Even if you have a bricks and mortar business based at a physical location, you still need an online platform to effectively market your business.

So if you don’t have a digital presence or a suitable marketing plan, then it’s time you start giving it serious thought.

Macbook and HTML Manual

A Guide To Building A Website For Small Businesses

It’s not easy building a website for a small business.

However, it’s essential to have a proper and fully functioning website because today it is no longer feasible for any business, even a bricks and mortar firm, to operate without a significant and impactful web presence.

These days consumers turn to the internet to know everything about a product or service, including the location and operating hours.

Even the simplest of websites would be a benefit, but it should be well-designed and include all the necessary elements that give a business the edge in your industry niche.

If you’re dealing with products to sell, it’s your website that will open up new markets and help you to expand your business much easily and cheaply.

There are several website design tools available on the market that has evolved, making it quicker and easier than ever to build a professional looking website.

They are so easy to use that you do not need to know any complex syntax, HTML markup or coding to develop an attractive, useful and functional site.

Irrespective of the program you use however, there are few fundamental rules that you should follow while designing your business website.

If you follow these basic tips, it will help your website in a number of ways such as:

  • give your website professional look
  • make your site more visible and easier to find on search engines
  • open up avenues to get more traffic and a higher rate of conversion.

In short, a professionally designed website will put your company ahead of the others in the competition and in the best light.

Drawing Business Plan Into Notebook

Know the Purpose

The first step to follow to designing a website for your business is to determine its primary purpose.

A business website should primarily serve as a space where the customers will get general information about your products or company.

It should be a direct platform for e-commerce irrespective of the fact that you are creating a simple website or one that is complex and multilayered.

The most important thing to consider is that it tells what your company does and most importantly, the homepage communicates this clearly.

Also make sure that you communicate all your USPs in plain and simple terms.

Avoid including barriers that will make the user experience more complex and frustrating, leading to missed opportunities.

In order to achieve the best possible results, here are a few things you should consider:

  • Think about the specific user experience
  • The buying journey the user will go through
  • The ways in which they will navigate your site and whether or not it is easy
  • Users should be able to achieve their goals irrespective of the fundamental goal of your website or its focus.

That means your site should be able to reinforce the goal itself as the users navigate through your site.

Whether or not you wish to accept payments through your website, you may have to include this to realistically achieve success.

If you do want your customers to pay online and you are a retailer or service provider, you will need to get help from a suitable external service provider to receive and process payments correctly, securely and quickly.

Website Domain Names

Choose a Suitable Domain Name

The next important thing is choosing a suitable domain name.

This will be one of the most important features of your website.

Choose a direct and relevant domain that you can share with your customers as well as prospective clients to reinforce your brand and promote across social media platforms.

Considerations should include:

  • making sure it is descriptive
  • you domain is easy to remember and convenient to type in
  • short and free from abbreviations, acronyms or numbers (where possible)

All this will avoid customer confusion and make your site easily available to them.

Also choose a top-level domain or TLD and make sure that it comes as a suffix at the end of your domain name such as .com, .biz or .net.

Domains ending in .com have been considered as the primary and most sought after domains name extensions around.

Once you have a domain name in mid, find the availability of the domain name by using various online whois lookup tools.

Once you find the ideal domain and extension, you will need to purchase it through a domain registrar.

Before going ahead, make sure that you check for any potential copyright infringements and make sure that you are not encroaching on someone else’s trademarks or a well known brand name.

If you find that your preferred domain is already taken by another company, try reaching out to them to ask if they would be willing to sell it.

This will save you from legal hassles and any potential future disappointment.

Rackspace Web Server

Select a Web Host

A web host is requirement for every website.

The “host” is in actual fact a server.

The server stores all the data for the public to access any time, usually from a centralised data centre or sometimes a series of data-centres located world-wide, usually known as cloud hosting.

If you are a small business, then it may be very costly for you to host your own website.

However, you can do so by using one of many professional hosting providers.

It all depends on your budget as to whether you will go for a dedicated server that will obviously cost you more than opting for a shared web host.

However, along with the low cost comes the fact that you will share the server with other sites and therefore, site speed and performance may be affected during busy times.

Whichever you choose, go for a host who can readily answer questions about the location of its server and offer a reliable level of customer support.

Final Set Up

Once you are done with the initial stages, you will now have to build your pages focusing above and beyond your initial homepage.

You must also set up your payment system, if you wish to and certainly test before you publish your website.

Once published, maintain your site and market it across different social media and search engines for optimal results.

Author Bio

Marina Thomas is a marketing and communication expert. She also serves as a content developer with many years of experience. She helps clients in long-term wealth plans. She has previously covered an extensive range of topics in her posts, including money, budgeting, cryptocurrency, business debt consolidation and business start-ups.